Behavioural Science

What?

The behavioural science team is developing an ontology specific to behaviour change interventions – the Behaviour Change Intervention Ontology (BCIO). The BCIO is a set of definitions for entities and relationships used to describe behaviour change interventions, their contexts, effects and evaluations. It is being used to structure the evidence in intervention evaluation reports and provides a structured framework to underpin the training of the system. Computer scientists use the resulting data structure to create algorithms which can gather and synthesise relevant information from research reports more rapidly than current methods for systematic reviewing allow.

How?

The BCIO structures knowledge about the intervention and its evaluation. Developing the ontology involves a combination of reviewing, refining and extending existing relevant ontologies and taxonomies (such as the Behaviour Change Techniques Taxonomy (BCTTv1)), consultation with ontology experts, and peer review from, and discussions with, international behaviour change experts.

Central to the ontology development process is the annotation of behaviour change intervention evaluation reports according to the developing BCIO. Pairs of researchers annotate papers using specialist systematic review software (EPPI Reviewer). Annotated data are checked for discrepancies between annotators to reveal ambiguities, omissions and problems with definitions. Terms are added or modified and definitions iteratively refined until a well-functioning set is achieved. The project’s ontology expert is consulted at strategic time-points.

The Upper Level of the BCIO

A visual representation of the upper level of the BCIO intervention entities is shown below. Each section of the triangle represents an upper-level ontology entity, organised to demonstrate the relationships between them.

For more information, click ‘Explain Diagram’ below. You can also click on the different sections of the triangle to view definitions for the ontology entities and relevant resources.

Info info - lower case 'i'

This diagram is a simplified representation of the top level of the Behaviour Change Intervention Ontology

Explain Diagram

What to know more about this diagram?

Explain Diagram

20/11/2018

ASILOMAR AI Principles Website
Project
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06/11/2018

Behaviour change techniques: the development and evaluation of a taxonomic method for reporting and describing behaviour change interventions (a suite of five studies involving consensus methods, randomised controlled trials and analysis of qualitative da Article | Website
Intervention > Content
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16/10/2018

Theory and Techniques Tool Research Tool | Website
Mechanisms
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29/08/2018

Advancing our understanding of the mechanisms of action of behaviour change interventions development of a sub ontology - UKSBM 2017 Presentation
Mechanisms
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29/08/2018

Integrating and Applying Behaviour Change Theory A Focus on Mechanisms of Action - EHPS Symposium 2018 Presentation
Mechanisms
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28/06/2018

Development of population and setting taxonomies Advancing our understanding of behaviour change interventions - EHPS 2017 Presentation
Context > Population
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28/06/2018

The application of theory to designing and evaluating interventions to change behaviour - EHPS 2016 Presentation
Mechanisms
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28/06/2018

A taxonomy of modes of delivery of behaviour change interventions development and evaluation - EHPS 2017 Presentation
Intervention > Delivery
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27/06/2018

From Theory-Inspired to Theory-Based Interventions: A Protocol for Developing and Testing a Methodology for Linking Behaviour Change Techniques to Theoretical Mechanisms of Action Article | Website
Mechanisms
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27/06/2018

Behavior change interventions: the potential of ontologies for advancing science and practice Article | Website
General
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27/06/2018

Evaluating the effectiveness of behavior change techniques in health-related behavior: a scoping review of methods used Article | Website
Intervention > Content
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27/06/2018

Conceptualising engagement with digital behaviour change interventions: a systematic review using principles from critical interpretive synthesis Article | Website
Exposure > Engagement
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07/06/2018

Harnessing computer science to advance behavioural science Presentation
Project
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07/06/2018

Optimising the value of the evidence generated in implementation science: the use of ontologies to address the challenges Article | Website
General
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07/06/2018

Reliability of identification of behavior change techniques in intervention descriptions Article | Website
Intervention > Content
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07/06/2018

Advancing methods to develop behaviour change interventions: A Scoping Review of relevant ontologies Presentation
General
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07/06/2018

Communication of behaviour change interventions: Can they be recognised from written descriptions? Article | Website
Intervention > Content
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07/06/2018

The Behaviour Change Technique Taxonomy (v1) of 93 hierarchically-clustered techniques: building an international consensus for the reporting of behaviour change interventions Article | Website
Intervention > Content
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07/06/2018

(Protocol) Advancing methods to develop behaviour change interventions: a review of relevant ontologies Article | Website
General
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05/06/2018

Applying the behaviour change technique (BCT) taxonomy v1: a study of coder training Article | Website
Intervention > Content
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05/06/2018

From lists of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) to structured hierarchies: Comparison of two methods of developing a hierarchy of BCTs Article | Website
Intervention > Content
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05/06/2018

Strengthening evaluation and implementation by specifying components of behaviour change interventions: a study protocol Article | Website
Intervention > Content
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05/06/2018

Reporting behaviour change interventions: do the behaviour change technique taxonomy v1, and training in its use, improve the quality of intervention descriptions? Article | Website
Intervention > Content
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05/06/2018

BCT Training Tool Research Tool | Website
Intervention > Content
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05/06/2018

BCT Feedback Portal Website | Website
Intervention > Content
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05/06/2018

Information on the identification of Mechanisms of Action as part of the Theories and Techniques project Website | Website
Mechanisms
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05/06/2018

Information on the Behaviour Change Techniques Taxonomy v1 (BCTTv1) Website | Website
Intervention > Content
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05/06/2018

BCT Intervention database Research Tool | Website
Intervention > Content
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05/06/2018

The Human Behaviour-Change Project: harnessing the power of artificial intelligence and machine learning for evidence synthesis and interpretation Article | Website
Project
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Human Behaviour Change Project

Centre for Behaviour Change
University College London
1-19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 7HB