Behavioural Science

What?

The behavioural science team is developing an ontology specific to behaviour change interventions – the Behaviour Change Intervention Ontology (BCIO). The BCIO is a set of definitions for entities and relationships used to describe behaviour change interventions, their contexts, effects and evaluations. It is being used to structure the evidence in intervention evaluation reports and provides a structured framework to underpin the training of the system. Computer scientists use the resulting data structure to create algorithms which can gather and synthesise relevant information from research reports more rapidly than current methods for systematic reviewing allow.

How?

The BCIO structures knowledge about the intervention and its evaluation. Developing the ontology involves a combination of reviewing, refining and extending existing relevant ontologies and taxonomies (such as the Behaviour Change Techniques Taxonomy (BCTTv1)), consultation with ontology experts, and peer review from, and discussions with, international behaviour change experts.

Central to the ontology development process is the annotation of behaviour change intervention evaluation reports according to the developing BCIO. Pairs of researchers annotate papers using specialist systematic review software (EPPI Reviewer). Annotated data are checked for discrepancies between annotators to reveal ambiguities, omissions and problems with definitions. Terms are added or modified and definitions iteratively refined until a well-functioning set is achieved. The project’s ontology expert is consulted at strategic time-points.

The Upper Level of the BCIO

A visual representation of the upper level of the BCIO intervention entities is shown below. Each section of the triangle represents an upper-level ontology entity, organised to demonstrate the relationships between them.

For more information, click ‘Explain Diagram’ below. You can also click on the different sections of the triangle to view definitions for the ontology entities and relevant resources.

Info info - lower case 'i'

This diagram is a simplified representation of the top level of the Behaviour Change Intervention Ontology

Explain Diagram

What to know more about this diagram?

Explain Diagram

07/03/2019

HBCP and Complex Systems - Understanding behaviour as part of a complex system Article
Project
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01/03/2019

The Psychologist article - Transforming knowledge about human behaviour Article | Website
Project
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01/03/2019

The Conversation article - New AI system will help us discover the most effective behaviour change strategies Article | Website
Project
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08/02/2019

Norris et al. (Research article, 2019) A scoping review of ontologies related to human behaviour change Article | Website
General
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20/11/2018

Principles for guiding the development of Artificial Intelligence - ASILOMAR Conference 2017 Website
Project
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06/11/2018

Michie et al. (HTA Report, 2017) Development of the behaviour change techniques taxonomy Article | Website
Intervention > Content
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16/10/2018

Theory and Techniques Tool - an interactive resource providing information about links between behaviour change techniques (BCTs) and their mechanisms of action (MoAs) Research Tool | Website
Mechanisms
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29/08/2018

Wright et al. (UKSBM Presentation, 2017) Development of a Mechanisms of Action lower level ontology Presentation
Mechanisms
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29/08/2018

West et al. (EHPS Symposium, 2018) Applying Behaviour Change Theory to Mechanism of Action Presentation
Mechanisms
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28/06/2018

Marques et al. (EHPS Presentation, 2017) Development of population and setting taxonomies Presentation
Context > Population
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28/06/2018

Michie (EHPS Presentation, 2016) The application of theory to designing and evaluating interventions to change behaviour Presentation
Mechanisms
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28/06/2018

Carey et al. (EHPS Presentation, 2017) Development and evaluation of Modes of Delivery taxonomy Presentation
Intervention > Delivery
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27/06/2018

Michie et al., (Research article, 2018) A Protocol for Developing and Testing a Methodology for Linking Behaviour Change Techniques to Theoretical Mechanisms of Action Article | Website
Mechanisms
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27/06/2018

Larsen et al. (Research article, 2016) Behavior change interventions: the potential of ontologies for advancing science and practice Article | Website
General
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27/06/2018

Michie et al. (Research article, 2018) Evaluating the effectiveness of behavior change techniques in health-related behavior Article | Website
Intervention > Content
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27/06/2018

Perski et al. (Research article, 2017) A systematic review to conceptualising engagement with digital behaviour change interventions Article | Website
Exposure > Engagement
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07/06/2018

Harnessing computer science to advance behavioural science Presentation
Project
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07/06/2018

Michie & Johnston (Research article, 2017) Optimising the value of the evidence generated in implementation science using ontologies Article | Website
General
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07/06/2018

Abraham et al. (Research article, 2015) Reliability of identification of behavior change techniques in intervention descriptions Article | Website
Intervention > Content
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07/06/2018

Norris et al. (CBC Presentation, 2018) A Scoping Review of relevant ontologies for behaviour change interventions Presentation
General
View

07/06/2018

Johnston et al. (Research article, 2017) Can behaviour change interventions be recognised from written descriptions? Article | Website
Intervention > Content
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07/06/2018

Michie et al. (Research article, 2013) The Behaviour Change Technique Taxonomy (v1) of 93 hierarchically-clustered techniques Article | Website
Intervention > Content
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07/06/2018

Norris et al. (Scoping Review Protocol) Advancing methods to develop a behaviour change intervention ontology Article | Website
General
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05/06/2018

Wood et al. (Research article 2015) Training coders to apply the behaviour change technique (BCT) taxonomy v1 Article | Website
Intervention > Content
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05/06/2018

Cane et al. (Research article, 2014) Comparison of two methods of developing a hierarchy of BCTs Article | Website
Intervention > Content
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05/06/2018

Michie et al. (Study protocol, 2011) Strengthening evaluation and implementation by specifying components of behaviour change interventions Article | Website
Intervention > Content
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05/06/2018

Wood et al. (Research article, 2016) Reporting behaviour change interventions: does the BCTTv1 improve the quality of intervention descriptions? Article | Website
Intervention > Content
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05/06/2018

BCT Online Training Tool - a resource for all those wishing to communicate the content of behaviour change interventions Research Tool | Website
Intervention > Content
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05/06/2018

BCTTv1 Portal for providing feedback and suggestions on the taxonomy Website | Website
Intervention > Content
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05/06/2018

Database of published intervention papers and reviews coded using BCTTv1 Research Tool | Website
Intervention > Content
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05/06/2018

Michie et al. (Study Protocol, 2017) The Human Behaviour-Change Project Article | Website
Project
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Human Behaviour Change Project

Centre for Behaviour Change
University College London
1-19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 7HB